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Canadian Facts and Trivia - THE PEOPLE AND THE HISTORY
Though Europeans returned to explore Canada centuries after the Vikings -- John Cabot reached it in the service of England in 1497 and Jacques Cartier for France in 1534 -- permanent settlement didnít succeed until the early 1600s.

Port-Royal, in Nova Scotia, was the site of the first such settlement in 1605, after a previous attempt at St. Croix Island in Maine failed. Three years later, a fortress was established at Quebec City, which grew to become the capital of New France.