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Canadian Facts and Trivia - THE PEOPLE AND THE HISTORY
Long before Columbus, long before Cartier, the first Europeans known to have encountered Canada, and North America, were Viking explorers who reached Newfoundland around 1000 CE, and likely also Labrador and Baffin Island.

They established a short-lived settlement at LíAnse aux Meadows at the top of Newfoundlandís Great Northern Peninsula, which is now a World Heritage Site. A second potential viking site was discovered at Point Rosee in southeastern Newfoundland in 2016.